There are a LOT of tutorials on how to paint laminate cabinets and laminate furniture. Does primer really matter? Do you need to sand? Well friends, I’m here to share my experiences with the RIGHT and the WRONG way to paint laminate cabinets, laminate furniture and even IKEA furniture (which is mostly a laminate surface). Take it from someone who has had success AND failure with this. I’m going to share the Do’s and the don’ts of painting laminate surfaces.
I mentioned that I’ve had success and failure with painting laminate surfaces. When I say I’ve had failure, that might be stretching it a little. My “failure” wasn’t really that bad, I just used a technique I wouldn’t use again. Before I get into that let’s discuss what laminate is made of.
What are laminate cabinets and laminate furniture made from?
Most laminate cabinets and laminate furniture are made from a pressed hard plastic. Sometimes “laminate” cabinets are just that; a form of pressed board with a layer of thin laminate wood on top. Either way we know one thing from this; they can’t be heavily sanded.
It’s virtually impossible to sand the “pressed hard plastic” type of laminate. Imagine trying to sand a plastic toy. Well, it might not be that extreme, but almost. This pressed hard plastic laminate was what my old laminate kitchen cabinets were made out of (talk about cheap cabinets). Needless to say I did not sand them before I began to paint. See more about how to paint laminate kitchen cabinets without sanding here.
If you have the “thin layer of laminate wood” type of cabinets, my suggestions is to sand LIGHTLY with a 100 grit sand paper. Lightly is the key because you don’t want to sand through the thin surface.
If you are wondering about IKEA furniture, every piece is a little different. Most of the IKEA furniture I own seems to be made of the “pressed hard plastic” type. You can see more about how to paint IKEA furniture the RIGHT way here with a video tutorial.
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The Do’s of painting on laminate furniture and cabinets
Do choose the right materials before beginning to paint laminate cabinets or furniture.
- Lint free cloths
- Painters tape
- Cleaner and degreaser
- Paint Sprayer
- Angled brushes
- Foam brushes
- Fine finish paint rollers
- Paint- my suggestion is to pick a good cabinet paint, milk paint or latex paint. I prefer water based.
- Sand paper if necessary
Do Prepare the laminate surface before painting.
- Remove hardware and empty everything inside the cabinets or furniture.
- Use painters tape to tape around any areas you don’t want painted that can’t be removed.
- Apply a good cleaner or degreaser with a LINT FREE cloth to give the surface a good cleaning.
- Make sure the laminate surfaces are completely dry before painting.
Do use a good primer before even thinking of applying paint.
- Primer is KEY. This is where I went wrong when I painted my laminate cabinets the wrong way. Like I said earlier, most laminate surfaces are made of plastic and the only way to get paint to stick to plastic is with a good primer. I thought I could get away without using primer because the cabinet paint I used had a very good “bonding agent.” I’m not going to lie, it did very well (and still does), it just didn’t bond as well as it would have if I had primed first.
- In my opinion, the best bonding primer for laminate is a Zinsser primer.
Do test the paint and primer first.
- Every laminate surface is different. It’s always a good idea to “test” the paint and make sure it will bond and hold up on the laminate surface you are painting.
- If you apply the first coat of paint (or primer) and it starts to “bubble,” this means it’s not adhering well. You can see where my first coat of cabinet paint (right below the countertops) bubbled. I should have known then that I needed to prime first. Although it still turned out well, lesson learned.
Do use a few coats of primer.
- Sometimes it takes more than one coat of primer to really cover the surface. My rule of thumb is normally two coats of primer and two coats of paint on a laminate surface.
Do pick a good quality paint.
- There are a few different options for what TYPE of paint to use when painting laminate. This isn’t a right or wrong answer.
- When I say “good quality” paint, I mean don’t go and buy the cheapest option. Buy a mid to high grade latex paint or a good milk paint. I would not suggest chalk paint as it does not hold up well to high traffic surfaces. Companies like Ace Hardware make a “cabinet paint” which is what I used when I painted our kitchen cabinets. I also used General Finishes milk paint. They both worked well. When I painted the IKEA desk, I used a generic (but good quality) latex paint that has held up well.
Do apply a good sealer.
- This step is almost as important as the primer.
- A good paint won’t last without a sealer.
- I’ve previously used a Polycrylic and high performance top coat. Both worked very well.
Do make sure to minimize brush strokes.
- The best way to avoid brush strokes is by using a paint sprayer. If this isn’t an option for you, you can use a good foam brush or fine finish roller for the last coat of paint. I’ve used both methods and they both work well.
- Sometimes using a sprayer isn’t an option for areas like the cabinet casings. In this case, you need to use a foam brush or roller.
- If you are covering a large surface area (like a lot of cabinets), it’s a good idea to invest in a paint sprayer.
Do watch out for dried paint drips.
- Make sure to inspect your cabinets after they’ve been painted (while they are wet) to ensure you won’t have any dried paint drips.
- Remove paint drips with a foam brush painting in the direction that the surface has previously been painted.
The Don’ts of painting laminate surfaces
Don’t paint over damaged or chipping laminate.
- If you paint over an area that’s damaged or warped, it might not bond like the rest of the paint will.
- Make sure to repair the damage before you paint.
Don’t use an oil based paints when painting a laminate surface white.
- Oil based paints and sealers (like Polyurethane) tend to yellow over time.
- This is best avoided by using water based paints and sealers like Polycrylic.
Don’t skip the primer when updating laminate kitchen cabinets.
- If you only take one tip away from this post, consider this the one!
- Don’t skip the primer….enough said.
Learn from my mistakes below; I didn’t use primer and I didn’t empty the contents of my cabinets. You live and learn right?
Don’t use old primer, old paint or old sealer to paint laminate cabinets.
- Sometimes we get busy and don’t want to hassle with buying new products. This is ok if your products are in good condition, but if your products are old, they won’t bond correctly and they won’t look smooth.
This is a picture of what happens when you use an old sealer.
Do you see the white residue? I applied a layer of old Polycrylic to my moms chalk painted dining room table and almost ruined it! It turned out great, but not without a big furniture makeover mess up.
Do as I say not as I do, right? Want to learn more about furniture painting? I’ve got tons of painting tips and tricks that I wish I had known about years ago.
Well friends, I hope you’ve learned a few do’s and don’ts about how to paint laminate kitchen cabinets or laminate furniture.
Tuesday 28th of February 2023
Thank you for sharing your experience. I thought my cabinets were off white but now that we've change the floor tiles, they look more yellow. This article will help me convice my hubby to paint our melamine cabinets. Thank you.
Tuesday 28th of February 2023
Thank you for stopping by and let me know if you have any questions!
Monday 19th of July 2021
This is great! I've been looking for a way to refinish my cabinets without needing to do a huge sanding job and this is exactly what I've been looking for, especially when I'm pretty sure my cabinets are laminate! Thanks for sharing!
Sunday 14th of March 2021
Does this also work on thermoply type cabinets? I am at my wits end. Thanks so much.
Monday 15th of March 2021
Good question. What have you tried?
Wednesday 21st of October 2020
Hi - I am so happy that I came across this post. I have been researching the best way to paint our laminate cabinets and this has been quite helpful. I have a bit of a conundrum in that our cabinets were painted by the previous owners, and while it is a fairly good job, there are flaws in the finish (brush & roller strokes, nail filler not properly sanded smooth before paint etc). Do you have any advise or tutorials on how to properly correct these flaws and the best way to re paint the cabinets?
Wednesday 21st of October 2020
That's a good question! I don't have a tutorial on re painting laminate but I do have a few on how to paint laminate. I would suggest sanding the paint surface down with a fine grit sandpaper and then applying a good primer and then paint. Don't forget the top coat. You can see all my suggestions on how to paint laminate surfaces here; https://repurposeandupcycle.com/painting-laminate-cabinets-with-no-prep-work/ The only thing I would do differently is to sand the old paint down a little. Hope this helps!
Thursday 18th of June 2020
Hello! I came across your post when searching for how to paint laminate tables. I'm thinking of doing this to my kitchen table. The base is solid wood but the top is a laminate. It is in very good shape thankfully. My plan is the paint the base white and "stain" the top dark. My question is this.. can a gel stain be applied over primer? And if not what would you recommend? Thank you!!
Tuesday 23rd of June 2020
Hi, I want to paint my Laminate my kitchen cabinets, and I want to give it a old age look distress look , can it be done , and what’s a good paint to use for that .
Thursday 18th of June 2020
Hey Monica, gel stain (or any stain) normally isn't a good idea over laminate or primer. If you do use it over primer, I would think it would look like dark paint. Are you wanting the wood grain look? I just completed a project on a plastic (laminate like) surface and I finished it with a Java gel stain. Check it out here. https://repurposeandupcycle.com/how-to-use-retique-it-liquid-wood-with-a-folding-table-makeover/ I used a product called liquid wood that adheres to any surface! I hope this helps.